China is a country with a marked ruralurban divide. We could use the political term of “One country, two systems” to describe the dual character of the nation (eryuanhua). The rural income declined from 45 percent of the urban income in 1990 to 30 percent in 2003. To overcome the rural-urban divide, several institutions, new laws and regulations have to be designed mainly in land policy and local governance. A harmonised public services system is required, too.
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