The new Sino-Myanmar oil and gas pipelines are crucial for the Chinese energy security. It is seen as an alternative to the Strait of Malacca. Nevertheless, Ying Hongwei does not see the real advantage of this expensive infrastructure project. He thinks this is an excuse for massive investments in Myanmar. He asks: Are the pipelines, going through an area of military conflicts more secure than the ships? Is the project socially liable? And who profits most from the project? If it is not properly handled, this pipeline may become a chess piece for Myanmar to contain China’s development.